home | search | staffcontact us  

     

Design Forward Logo
Projects | About | Services | Products | Press | Events | Forum | Newsletters | Contact
                                 
Note: Design Forward LLC is proud to have served the Southern California area designing straw bale homes for over 15 years. However, we have moved on to other business ventures and have closed the business as of January 2017. We will not taking any new projects or responding to phone and email requests. This website will be left up as an archive of data for straw bale and design. You may find that some of the links are broken or out of date, but we will not be updating this site any longer. Thank you!
Computer Background

Glossary

Glossary of Architecture & Sustainable Terms

ACTIVE SOLAR
A mechanical system, such as photovoltaic panels, which use solar radiation to collection and use energy.
A.P.N.
Assessor's Parcel Number, used to identify a property based on State and County/City maps. Identifies property lines and location.
ARCHITECT
A person professionally qualified and licensed to perform building design services, and who is trained and experienced in the coordination and supervision of all aspects of the building construction process. Produce construction documents and drawings for permits and construction.
ARCHITECTURE
The profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect.
AUTOCAD
A computer drafting program which is used to create Construction Documents and Drawings. AutoCAD is a registered trademark of AutoDesk, Inc.

BID
A estimate to complete work.

BLUEPRINTS
See Prints
BUILDING CODE
The local and/or federal regulations and laws which control design, construction, and materials used in construction. Building codes are usually based on health and safety standards.
BUILDING PLANS
See Construction Documents
[ to top ]
CAD / CADD
See AutoCAD
COMMERCIAL ARCHITECTURE
Specifically dealing with public and government buildings and private business buildings.
CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS / CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS
Drawings and specifications created to provide detailed requirements for the construction of a project. Used for both construction and bidding of a project.
CODES
See Building Codes
DESIGN
A preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something; "the design of a building"
DESIGNER
A person who designs houses, interiors, landscaping or other objects. Can produce construction documents and drawings for permits and construction. When used it the context of residential construction it usually suggests that a designer is not a licensed architect. Most jurisdictions do not require an architectural license for most single family construction.
DOOR SCHEDULE
A table or list which indicates type of door, size, location, material, and other related items.
ELEVATION
A drawing which show the exterior of a building, usually indicates design, materials, and dimensions.
ENERGY CALCULATIONS
See Title 24
[ to top ]

ENERGY EFFICIENT
The practice of reducing use of electrical or heating power using special features of equipment such as insulation, Low-E windows, etc.

FACADE
The exterior face of a building.
FINISH SCHEDULE
A table or list which indicates type of finishes on each surface of a room or area.
FLOOR PLAN
A drawing which indicates the building's design, layout, room locations, orientation, and dimensions.
GREEN
Projects or materials which main objective is to improve the environment.
GYPSUM
Natural crystalline calcium sulphate used as an extender pigment in paint, and in the manufacture of gypsum wallboard and plaster of Paris.
HARDSCAPE
Refers to the use of walls, concrete, stone, pathways, pools, and other structures when used in landscaping.
LATEX PAINT
Water-based paint made with a synthetic binder (latex), such as acrylic, vinyl acetate copolymer, or styrene acrylic latex.
LOW-E
A low emissivity glazing which has a thin metallic oxide coating which is applied to one side of the glass to help reduce heat transference. Will reduce heating and cooling energy bills.
[ to top ]
MIN SPECS / MINIMUM SPECIFICATIONS
A set of specifications which are the minimum allowed by the local jurisdiction, and are included in with the Construction Documents.
NEUTRAL COLORS
White, off-white, light beige and gray - colors that generally go well with all other colors.

PAINT
An opaque coating generally made with a binder, liquids, pigments, and additives. Applied in liquid form, it dries to form a continuous film that protects and improves the appearance of the substrate.

PAINT REMOVER / STRIPPER
A compound that softens old paint or varnish, permitting loosened material to be scraped off.
PASSIVE SOLAR
The use of a system to natural collect and radiate heat for solar collection.
PERMEABLE
Capable of allowing something (such as water vapor or air) to pass through.
PLANS
See Construction Documents
PRINTS
A reproduction or copy of a set of drawings.
POST AND BEAM
A consecution method of using wood members to create a structural frame.
[ to top ]
RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE
Specifically dealing with single family homes and multi family homes.
R-VALUE
A unit which measures the resistance to the flow of heat. The higher the R-value the more insulated the structure.
SECTION
A drawing which shows a cross section through the building showing the walls, foundation, roof structure and other elevation elements.
SITE PLAN
A drawing which shows the entire property and the proposed and existing buildings. It includes lot lines, streets, building sites, buildings, open spaces, parking, utilities and major landscape features.
SOLAR
Indicates items which use or interact with the sun; "solar water heater." Also See Active Solar
STRAW BALE CONSTRUCTION
The practice of using bales of straw to build, typically it refers to 2 or 3 string compressed bales of wheat or rice straw. Straw bales can be used to in a non-load bearing structure where post and beams are structural and the straw is used as insulation. There is also a use for load bearing structures which carry the weight of the building.
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE
The practice of creating building which are green, energy efficient, or use natural materials. Straw bale structures, solar water heating are examples of sustainable uses.
SUSTAINABLE
A resource or system capable of being maintained at a steady level without exhausting natural resources or causing severe ecological damage. The practice of using materials which can easy be replaced or will not comprise current supply.
TITLE 24
A set of energy calculations required for all new structures in the state of California and other states. Used to determine how much energy is loss through the building's surfaces and openings.
[ to top ]
WINDOW SCHEDULE
A table or list which indicates type of window, size, location, material, type of glass and other related items.

ZONING
Local laws which regulating the size, type, structure, nature and use of land or buildings. The basic zoning categories are residential, commercial and industrial.

[ to top ]

Revised July 10, 2007